Apartments de Barcelona.

Barcelona's History


The Romans founded the city of Barcelona in the first century B.C. They named it “Colonia Iulia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino, a name that over time became that of modern Barcelona. Although there had been a native culture before that time – native Iberians who had already had contact with the Greeks – the Romans were the first to build a real city, also giving us their language (Latin) and their culture.
Nowadays you can still see the remains of splendorous Roman city of Barcino, underneath the old quarter of Barcelona.

Barcelona Medieval

Even so, the heart of Barcelona is medieval, palaces and churches, houses and city walls were constructed over the Roman ruins during the Middle Ages, mostly reusing the original stone. The surroundings of the Cathedral, the religious and political centre of the time, la Ribera or El Born are great examples of the sober and magnificent architecture of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th centuries.


At the end of the 18th century, after massive migration of the rural population to the city, anxious to take advantage of the working opportunities created by the Industrial Revolution, the need of enlarge the city became evident. As had already been done in Paris, London, or Vienna before, the enlargement project was given over to an engineer called Ildefons Cerdà, who created an urban distribution bases on classical squares. The Catalan bourgeoisie built their new houses in this “Eixample”, making the “Modernism” movement (the cultural and artistic movement of the moment) the symbol of their position and their modernity.

Barcelona and the Olympic Games

One of the biggest changes to the face of the Barcelona came with the celebration of the 1992 Olympic Games. This event was a great excuse to rehabilitate the city and reclaim the sea front. All kinds of sports facilities were built on the mountain of Montjuïch (the Olympic Ring), and the old and damaged palaces of the 1929 World Exposition were recovered. More importantly, the city rescued its eternally abused and neglected waterfront with the building of thr Olympic Village, the Moll de la Fusta… The city, with had always lived with its back to the sea, can now boast beautiful, clean beaches and walking paths open to the Mediterranean.

Barcelona Today

Nowadays Barcelona is an open and cosmopolitan city, an important centre for fairs and conventions, and good option for cultural tourism, as well as being a comfortable and stylish place to live.
A city meant for walking, with its long “Ramblas”, shopping centers and public parks… its Modernist route, old city, beaches and the Olympic Park are just some of the options for those who want to discover the city step by step.

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